Who must complete and sign the Declaration of Birth?

The child's parents are responsible for declaring their child's birth to the Directeur de l'état civil.

If you are married or in a civil union

You or the other parent may complete and sign the Declaration of Birth However, so that the filiation with the child can be established, it is important for the parent declaring the birth to enter all the information concerning the child's other parent.

Note that only the biological mother may provide certain consents in the Application for Simplified Access to Birth-related Government Programs and Services.

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If you are not married or in a civil union

You and the other parent must complete and sign the Declaration of Birth so that the filiation with the child can be established.

If one of the parents does not sign the Declaration of Birth, the filiation with his or her child will not be established and the parent's information will not appear in the child's Act of Birth, even if it is entered in the Declaration form. Additional processing time may be necessary before the event can be registered.

Note that only the biological mother may provide certain consents in the Application for Simplified Access to Birth-related Government Programs and Services.

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If only one parent declares his or her filiation with the child

If you are the child's only parent, you must enter “Not declared” in the section reserved for the child's other parent in the Declaration of Birth.

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Declarant other than the child's parents

If the child's parents, either the biological mother, the father or the child's other mother, are unknown or cannot act for themselves, the Declaration may be completed and signed by the person who has custody of the child. This declarant may be a relative or any other person who picks up the child. In the event that he or she picks up or keeps the child, the person declaring the birth must attach a note to the Declaration relating the facts and circumstances and specify, if they are known, the names of the child's biological mother and other parent (father or mother).

If, as declarant, you are not the Public Curator of Québec or a youth centre, you must specify your relationship with the child (e.g. grandparent, uncle, aunt, tutor).

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Reviewed: 2020-12-08


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© Gouvernement du Québec, 2021

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